President Eisenhower in September 1953 appointed Earl Warren, a three-term governor of California as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Although Warren was believed to reflect Eisenhower's moderate leanings, he went on to forge a surprisingly liberal legacy in civil rights and civil liberty cases. Warren, most famously, authored the Supreme Court's historic, unanimous opinion in Brown v. Board of Education. Eisenhower's biographer, Stephen Ambrose, published Eisenhower's private view that appointing Warren “was the biggest damn fool thing I ever did." The book we will be reading is Eisenhower vs. Warren: The Battle for Civil Rights and Liberties by James F. Simon (Liveright Publishing Corporation, 2018). This is a balanced account of two exceptional American and their conflict over public school integration and treatment of "subversives" during the 1950s and 1960s. Eisenhower believed in incremental change, driven by social progress rather than law. Warren, by contrast, recognized that continued segregation through "separate but equal" precedent (Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896) was no longer workable nor acceptable. Join us to read and discuss some of the most important cases of the twentieth century, if not Supreme Court judicial history—cases that are still prominent in political and constitutional debates today. No class on 11/28/19.