As Victoria Matranga noted in the introduction to America At Home, “Household tools are clues to cultural history. Human needs for food preparation, storage, home comfort, and decor remain relatively stable, but the products that fulfill those needs keep changing. Some good ideas never die, they just get reinterpreted. Some products were ahead of their time when introduced; technology and consumer demand just needed to catch up — even if it took 30 years as it did with the microwave.” Beginning with the first electrical appliances (did you know that electric companies generated extra electricity on Tuesdays, because it was “ironing day”?), we will look at kitchens through the lenses of design, advertising, and the changing roles of women. But mostly, we will enjoy all the wonderful items that filled kitchens over the years. Domestic life has changed so much that “What did this thing do?” might be a frequent question. We will be using as a text America at Home: A Celebration of Twentieth-Century Housewares by Victoria K. Matranga. Coordinators have bulk-purchased copies of the book, which participants can buy from them prior to the first day of class.