The 1996 book, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order, by Samuel Huntington, former Professor in the Harvard Department of Political Science, argues that cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world. He argues that wars would be fought not between countries, but between cultures, and that Islamic extremism would become the biggest threat to world peace. The book begins by asserting that the world is comprised of seven civilizations, examines demographic, religious, cultural and other aspects of those civilizations that produce tensions among them, and discusses past and then-present (i.e., late 20th century) clashes. He is prescient in his alluding to future (i.e., post-1996) clashes that in fact occurred or are occurring. The reading for the study-group will be a 28-page excerpt (emailed prior to first session) that includes portions of his presentation of the aforementioned civilizational differences, how they produce clashes between Islam and the West, and examines actual clashes between Islam and the West. It touches upon the tensions between China and the West, but only briefly. Join us for a review of an intellectual theory that explains much about the 21st century’s tensions.