If you believe that every vote counts and fairly represents the majority of the U.S. electorate, this study group may change your mind. While we voters focus on campaign promises, many other powerful factors and rules are at play in the science of our elections that can alter their outcomes and undermine confidence in our democratic process, according to Todd Donovan, author of Changing How America Votes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2018). But it’s not just elections, and not just in America. Worldwide, a new wave of angry populism is rising. “Trust in politics is wilting, due to stagnating living standards, fears of a multi-ethnic electorate, and the impact of social media,” contends Yasha Mounk in The People vs. Democracy (Harvard University Press, 2018). This distrust of the political system eventually fractures society, cautions former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, in Fascism: A Warning (Harper Collins, 2018). She observes, “When the political parties become more interested in defending their own interests than in preserving democracy, fascism succeeds by offering voters simple explanations and promising solutions.” If this sound like today’s newscast, join us to explore the causes and solutions of democracy under attack from with these three authors. No class on 11/20/18.